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This Auction is for (20) MAPLE Transplant Seedlings 6-8 INCHES TALL
Red Maple, Acer rubrum,
Hardy, Adaptable, Bonsai, Brilliant Fall Colors, Fast Growing, Shade Tree, Specimen Tree, Street Tree, Cold and Urban Tolerant
Red Maple is a beautiful deciduous tree, which will typically grow 40 to 70 feet with a rounded to oval crown. This handsome shade tree displays red coloring during different seasons of the year. It has the distinction of having the greatest north to south distribution of all trees on the east coast. Pioneers once made ink and and black dyes from an extract of the bark. Red Maple is prized as an ornamental shade tree because of its rapid growth, highly colored flowers, fruit (winged samaras) and spectacular fall colors.
Leaves are shiny green above and pale green beneath, 3 to 5 lobed and 3 to 6 inches across with lobes separated by V-shaped angles. Species name of rubrum (meaning red) is everywhere in evidence: red flowers in dense clusters in late March to early April before the leaves appear, red fruit (initially reddish, two-winged samara), reddish stems and twigs, red buds and in the fall, orange to brilliant red foliage color. Quality of fall color may vary considerably. Red Maple grows faster than Norway and Sugar Maples, but slower than Silver Maple. Sap of this tree can be used to make a maple syrup that is inferior in quality to syrups made from the Sugar Maple.
Other Names: Red Maple, Scarlet Maple, Swamp Maple
Zone: 3 to 9
Growth Rate: Fast to Moderate
Plant Type: Deciduous Tree
Native Range: Eastern and Central North America
Height: 40 to 70 feet or more
Spread: 30 to 50 feet
Shape: Pyramidal or elliptical when young, becoming more spreading with age, eventually developing a more or less rounded or oval outline.
Bloom Time: March-April
Bloom Color: Red, Yellow or Orange
Flower/Fruit: Small red flowers in dense clusters in late winter to early spring followed by 3/4” samaras
Bark: On young trees, smooth and light gray, with age becomes darker and breaks up into long, fine scaly plates.
Sun: Full Sun to Part Shade
Fall Color: Showy Brilliant Red, (sometimes yellow)
Drought Tolerance: Low to Moderate
Water: Medium to Wet
Site Requirements/ Soil Tolerances: Easily grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Tolerant of a wide range of soils, but prefers moist, slightly acid conditions. Very cold hardy. Best fall color in full sun.
Culture: Easy to transplant.
Uses: Shade Tree, Bonsai, Urban areas, Street Tree. Excellent as a specimen, planted in groups or as a screen. Grown for its beautiful fall colors.
Proper red maple tree care is critical for growing and enjoying a gorgeous maple in your garden. However, this is not necessarily complicated and is really a matter of paying attention to the soil, fertilizing, sun exposure and general health of your tree. All these are things that any plant lover knows are the basics of gardening.
The gorgeous red maple tree is a gracious addition to any landscape design and the shape and color of the leaves of this deciduous tree have made it particularly popular with home-owners and cityscape designers.
There are a wide variety of maples and depending on the type of wood, some of them are used for construction and others are the raw material for high-quality furniture. Maple syrup is a popular supply in many a pantry and these are made purely from the sap of Sugar Maples. Maple trees are also famous for their gorgeous fall colors and people from far and wide travel to the northeastern United States to capture the glorious trees at their vibrant best. Given all these associations, it is hardly a wonder that many people love the idea of having one or two maple trees in their backyard.
There are different types of maples that do well in different climatic and soil conditions and it is a good idea to talk to your local nursery or plant supplier before deciding on the actual variety that you want to buy. This preliminary research will go a long way in simplifying your maple tree care regimen. A tree that is naturally likely to do well takes less effort than one that is planted in less than optimal conditions. And this is not an annual that you are experimenting with, but a long-term tree and it is has to be a deliberate decision.
Once you have acquired the maple sapling, you have to decide where to plant it. Look for a place in the yard that has good soil and full sun exposure with some degree of shade. The type of soil will be dictated by the maple you have chosen. Some maples need good drainage and moist soil while others can take some periods of dryness or even excessive watering. While there is a range, it is safest to say that a well-drained and relatively moist soil is a good bet for most kinds of maples.
The other element of the soil that is important to analyze is the nutrient level it offers the trees. Most urban landscapes or residential developments do not have the natural enrichment of forest soil and so maple growers may need to add plant nutrients and fertilizers. The type of fertilizer you choose will depend on where you live and what is naturally available in the soil of the area. You may need to research what else your red maple needs and provide that additive. Also, be aware that nitrogen-rich fertilizers that are recommended for lawn care may actually be ineffective or even harmful for maple trees.
As a general principle, all maples thrive in soil which has mycorrhizal fungi. Over the years, mycorrhizae fungi and trees have formed what is called a symbiotic relationship in that they each provide something the other needs. Mycorrhizal fungi take sugar and carbohydrates from the trees and they provide minerals and moisture that the trees need after processing them. This symbiotic relationship has helped maples survive sometimes even under extremely harsh conditions such as drought or poor soil. This is because in effect the mycorrhizal fungi serve as a living extension of the trees’ root system enabling them to optimize their chances of survival. The fungi process the much-needed nutrients that are critical for a healthy maple tree. Sadly, these fungi are missing in most compacted soil and as an important element of early maple tree care, you should introduce these fungi into the soil around your maple tree.
As the plant grows, you may need to provide it a stake to make sure the roots have support to prop up the young tree even under windy conditions. Pruning at the right time is also a part of maple tree maintenance. As the plant grows and becomes a tree, stay aware of the surroundings of the tree and assess whether you need to transplant it if the conditions around it change to limit its space or supply of sunlight.